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Chicagoland Hackberry

Celtis occidentalis 'Chicagoland'

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Chicagoland Hackberry (Celtis occidentalis 'Chicagoland') at James Valley Nursery

Chicagoland Hackberry

Chicagoland Hackberry

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

Height:  50 feet

Spread:  40 feet

Sunlight:  full sun 

Hardiness Zone:  3b


A tough and rugged shade tree with a neat upright-oval habit of growth and a strong central leader, narrower than the species; interesting warty bark, looks quite beautiful with age; an incredibly adaptable tree for the most difficult of sites

Ornamental Features

Chicagoland Hackberry has green foliage throughout the season. The pointy leaves turn buttery yellow in fall. Neither the flowers nor the fruit are ornamentally significant. The warty gray bark adds an interesting dimension to the landscape.

Landscape Attributes

Chicagoland Hackberry is a deciduous tree with a strong central leader and a shapely oval form. Its relatively coarse texture can be used to stand it apart from other landscape plants with finer foliage.

This tree will require occasional maintenance and upkeep, and is best pruned in late winter once the threat of extreme cold has passed. It is a good choice for attracting birds to your yard. Gardeners should be aware of the following characteristic(s) that may warrant special consideration;

  • Insects

Chicagoland Hackberry is recommended for the following landscape applications;

  • Shade

Planting & Growing

Chicagoland Hackberry will grow to be about 50 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 40 feet. It has a high canopy with a typical clearance of 7 feet from the ground, and should not be planted underneath power lines. As it matures, the lower branches of this tree can be strategically removed to create a high enough canopy to support unobstructed human traffic underneath. It grows at a medium rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for 80 years or more.

This tree should only be grown in full sunlight. It is an amazingly adaptable plant, tolerating both dry conditions and even some standing water. It is considered to be drought-tolerant, and thus makes an ideal choice for xeriscaping or the moisture-conserving landscape. It is not particular as to soil type or pH, and is able to handle environmental salt. It is highly tolerant of urban pollution and will even thrive in inner city environments. This is a selection of a native North American species.

Hardiness Zone Plant Height Minimum Sunlight
Plant Form  Bark  Attracts Wildlife 
Ornamental Features